Category: History

Download E-books Roads Were Not Built for Cars: How cyclists were the first to push for good roads & became the pioneers of motoring PDF

In Roads weren't outfitted for Cars, Carlton Reid finds the pivotal—and mostly unrecognized—role that bicyclists performed within the improvement of recent roadways. Reid introduces readers to biking personalities, equivalent to Henry Ford, and the biking advocacy teams that prompted early highway advancements, actually paving the best way for the motor motor vehicle. while the bicycle morphed from the automobile of wealthy shipping progressives within the Eighteen Nineties to the “poor man’s shipping” within the Nineteen Twenties, a few cyclists turned ardent motorists and have been all too chuffed to fail to remember their biking roots. yet, Reid explains, many motor pioneers endured biking, celebrating the shared hyperlinks among delivery modes which are now visible as worlds aside. during this attractive and meticulously researched publication, Carlton Reid encourages us all to have a good time these hyperlinks as soon as again.

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Download E-books The Phoenix Program: America's Use of Terror in Vietnam PDF

A surprising expos of the covert CIA software of frequent torture, rape, and homicide of civilians in the course of America's struggle in Vietnam, with a brand new creation through the writer. within the darkest days of the Vietnam conflict, America's important Intelligence enterprise secretly initiated a sweeping software of kidnap, torture, and assassination devised to destabilize the infrastructure of the nationwide Liberation entrance (NLF) of South Vietnam, generally known as the "Viet Cong." The sufferers of the Phoenix application have been Vietnamese civilians, female and male, suspected of harboring information regarding the enemy - although many at the blacklist have been specified by means of corrupt South Vietnamese defense body of workers seeking to extort funds or get rid of a rival. among 1965 and 1972, greater than 80 thousand noncombatants have been "neutralized," as women and men alike have been subjected to prolonged imprisonment with out trial, terrible torture, brutal rape, and in lots of situations execution, all below the watchful eyes people govt agencies.Based on large study and in-depth interviews with former members and observers, Douglas Valentine's startling expos blows the lid off of what used to be potentially the bloodiest and such a lot inhumane covert operation within the CIA's history.The publication version contains "The Phoenix Has Landed," a brand new creation that addresses the "Phoenix-style community" that constitutes America's inner safeguard equipment this present day. citizens on American soil are generally unique less than the guise of shielding us from terrorism - that is why, greater than ever, humans have to comprehend what Phoenix is all about.

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Download E-books God's Philosophers: How the Medieval World Laid the Foundations of Modern Science PDF

By James Hannam

It is a robust and an exciting narrative background revealing the roots of contemporary technological know-how within the medieval international. The adjective 'medieval' has develop into a synonym for brutality and uncivilized habit. but with no the paintings of medieval students there might have been no Galileo, no Newton and no clinical Revolution. In "God's Philosophers", James Hannam debunks the various myths in regards to the heart a long time, exhibiting that medieval humans didn't imagine the earth is flat, nor did Columbus 'prove' that it's a sphere; the Inquisition burnt no one for his or her technological know-how nor used to be Copernicus terrified of persecution; no Pope attempted to prohibit human dissection or the quantity 0. "God's Philosophers" is a party of the forgotten medical achievements of the center a long time - advances which have been usually made because of, instead of despite, the effect of Christianity and Islam. Decisive development used to be additionally made in know-how: spectacles and the mechanical clock, for example, have been either invented in thirteenth-century Europe. Charting an epic trip via six centuries of background, "God's Philosophers" brings again to mild the discoveries of overlooked geniuses like John Buridan, Nicole Oresme and Thomas Bradwardine, in addition to placing into context the contributions of extra frequent figures like Roger Bacon, William of Ockham and Saint Thomas Aquinas.

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Download E-books Britain's Oceanic Empire: Atlantic and Indian Ocean Worlds, c.1550-1850 PDF

By H. V. Bowen, Elizabeth Mancke, John G. Reid

This pioneering comparative examine of British imperialism within the Atlantic and Indian Ocean worlds attracts at the views of British novices in a foreign country and their local hosts, of metropolitan officers and company agencies, migrants and settlers. major students learn the divergences and commonalities within the felony and fiscal regimes that allowed Britain to venture imperium around the globe. They discover the character of sovereignty and legislations, governance and law, international relations, army family members and trade, laying off new gentle at the strategies of growth that prompted the making of empire. whereas acknowledging the differences and divergences in imperial endeavours in Asia and the Americas - no longer least by way of the dimensions of indigenous populations, technical and cultural changes, and techniques to indigenous polities - this e-book argues that those variations needs to be obvious within the context of what Britons abroad shared, together with constitutional rules, claims of sovereignty, disciplinary regimes and army attitudes.

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Download E-books The Conversos and Moriscos in Late Medieval Spain and Beyond, Volume 1: Departures and Change (Studies in Medieval and Reformation Traditions, Volume 141/1: Converso and Morisco Studies, Volume 1) PDF

The Conversos and Moriscos in overdue Medieval Spain and past adopts an engaging and unique method of the heritage of spiritual minorities at the Iberian Peninsula. The ebook is the results of meetings held in 2005 and 2006 that have been organised by way of its editor, Kevin Ingram, Assistant Professor of recent background at Saint Louis college (Madrid Campus). In those contexts, top students in Converso and Morisco experiences from in the American and Spanish historiographical colleges collected which will give a contribution to a far better trade of data and ways among the 2 traditions. This attempt is usually amazing as the meetings concerned not just historians but in addition philologists and literary historians. making an allowance for the large hole that exists among historians and philologists with reference to their respective guides, meetings and theoretical views, it really is in particular vital to assemble specialists on hugely really expert issues reminiscent of the examine of Moriscos and Conversos from throughout numerous disciplines.

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Download E-books Fabricating Consumers: The Sewing Machine in Modern Japan PDF

By Andrew Gordon

Since its early days of mass creation within the 1850s, the stitching computer has been intricately hooked up with the worldwide improvement of capitalism. Andrew Gordon lines the machine’s outstanding trip into and all through Japan, the place it not just reworked manners of costume, but additionally helped switch styles of lifestyle, classification constitution, and the position of ladies. As he explores the marketing, purchasing, and use of the stitching desktop within the early to mid-twentieth century, Gordon reveals that its heritage is a lens during which we will be able to research the trendy transformation of way of life in Japan. either as a device of creation and as an item of buyer hope, the stitching laptop is entwined with the emergence and ascendance of the center type, of the feminine patron, and of the pro domestic supervisor as defining components of eastern modernity.

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Download E-books The Thirty Years' War 1618-1648 PDF

By Richard Bonney

Greater than 3 and a part centuries have handed because the Peace of Westphalia ended the Thirty Years' struggle (1618-48); yet this such a lot devastating of wars within the early smooth interval keeps to catch the mind's eye of readers: this e-book finds why. It was once one of many first wars the place contemporaries under pressure the significance of atrocities, the horrors of the combating and likewise the sufferings of the civilian inhabitants. The Thirty Years' struggle is still a clash of key significance within the background of the advance of struggle and the 'military revolution'.

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Download E-books On Royalty PDF

By Jeremy Paxman

What's the element of Kings and Queens? What do they do all day? And what does it suggest to be one among them? Jeremy Paxman is used to creating politicians clarify themselves, yet royalty has consistently been off limits. in the past. In On Royalty he delves deep into the earlier and takes an extended tough examine our current incumbents to determine simply what makes them tick. alongside the way in which he discovers a few attention-grabbing and little-known info. resembling:

how Albania got here to promote in England for a king
which English queen gave beginning in entrance of sixty seven people
how effortless it's to overcome up destiny kings of England
and how assembly the Queen is a piece frightening whoever you are

No different e-book will inform you really as a lot approximately our kings, queens, princes and princesses: who they're and what they're for.

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Download E-books The Stammering Century (New York Review Books Classics) PDF

By Gilbert Seldes

Gilbert Seldes’s personal creation to The Stammering Century properly illustrates the diversity of curiosity and verve of expression that make it one of these interesting and enduring paintings of background. Seldes writes:

This publication isn't a checklist of the most important occasions in American historical past in the course of the 19th century. it's occupied with minor hobbies, with the cults and manias of that interval. Its personages are enthusiasts, and radicals, and mountebanks. Its purpose is to attach those secondary routine and figures with the first forces of the century, and to provide a history in American historical past for the cults and manias of our personal time: The Prohibitionists and the Pentecostalists; the diet-faddists and the purchasers in mail-order character; the play censors and the Fundamentalists; the free-lovers and eugenists; the cranks and doubtless the saints. Sects, cults, manias, pursuits, fads, spiritual excitements, and the relation of every of those to the others and to the orderly growth of the US are the subject.

Which is a topic, we will be able to properly say, that's as well timed at the present time because it was once whilst Seldes wrote in 1928. yet Seldes’s publication is evergreen not only simply because our personal century continues to be a stammering one. The booklet lives peculiarly simply because, even if speaking a couple of nice determine like Jonathan Edwards or the celibate sect of Rappites or the messianic assassin Robert Matthews (a.k.a. Matthias), The Stammering Century is a version of exposition and a straight-out pride to learn.

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Download E-books History of Modern Latin America: 1800 to the Present (2nd Edition) (Wiley Blackwell Concise History of the Modern World) PDF

By Teresa A. Meade

Now to be had in a fully-revised and up to date moment variation, A historical past of recent Latin America bargains a finished and obtainable creation to the wealthy cultural and political heritage of this vivid sector from the onset of independence to the current day.

• contains assurance of the new beginning of diplomatic kin among the U.S. and Cuba in addition to a brand new bankruptcy exploring fiscal progress and environmental sustainability
• Balances money owed of the lives of fashionable figures with these of standard humans from a various array of social, racial, and ethnic backgrounds
• good points first-hand money owed, records, and excerpts from fiction interspersed during the narrative to supply tangible examples of historic ideas
• Examines gender and its impact on political and financial swap and the $64000 position of pop culture, together with tune, artwork, activities, and flicks, within the formation of Latin American cultural identity�
• contains all-new examine questions and themes for dialogue on the finish of every bankruptcy, plus complete updates to the recommended readings

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